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Streamline the Wave Forecast: Computing Tsunamis for Fictitious Earthquakes in Fake Oceans

Physical Sciences


The distribution of tsunami amplitudes in the open ocean is controlled by fault geometry and ocean depth -- or, bathymetry. Forecasting tsunami amplitudes at the coastlines by means of simulation of propagation -- especially in large grids -- is time-consuming. Therefore, on one hand, it is of interest to eliminate unnecessary calculations in the simulations through removing redundant features in the bathymetry data. On the other hand, designing alternative methods to estimate the tsunami behavior, especially in the far field, in order to avoid the time-consuming finite-difference algorithms is desirable. To achieve this, we use a spherical harmonics approach to simplify the bathymetry and also approximate the earthquake source by several ray-generating points. Our results reveal a certain sufficiency level for details in both source and propagation of tsunamis.

Amir Salaree, et al.

Earth and Planetary Sciences

April, 2018

DOI: 10.21985/N2WX18